The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has been one of the most intense clashes since 2016. An article by Al Jireea warns that it prompts “fears of an all-out war between two former Soviet republics.” A New York Times article breaks it down saying, basically, it is a conflict left unresolved from the Soviet Union when communist rulers placed Nagorno-Karabakh, which is a territory as well as an, “ethnic Armenian majority, within the borders of Soviet Azerbaijan.” After this, the Soviet Union began to collapse, and another war began, because Nagorno-Karabakh wanted to become self-governed, or become part of Armenia. It lasted until 1994, ending in a ceasefire with Azerbaijan winning, but VOA News explains that it “locked Armenia’s hold not only on Nagorno-Karabakh but on seven other Azerbaijani areas.”
Both Azerbaijan and Armenia have their reasons for fighting now, and are unlikely to make a truce or ceasefire again. Azerbaijan’s main motivation for fighting is to gain further control of the Nagorno-Karabakh. On the other hand, the Armenians want to “maintain the region’s independence.” They are also afraid of being killed or persecuted, if under Azerbaijan’s rule. The death toll on both sides is in the hundreds, and is steadily rising.
So far the US has decided not to involve themselves in this conflict, and a New York Times article states that it looks like Russia “will face difficult choices over whether to become more involved.” BBC News explains that, right now, it looks like “recapture of significant territory by Azerbaijan, or the repelling of Azerbaijani operations by Armenian forces, could open up scope for a ceasefire,” or if one side is obviously losing more, that might influence Russia’s decision to become more involved or not.